Leben[ Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten ] Alkibiades wurde wohl v. Alkibiades nahm v. Kurz vor dem Auslaufen der Schiffe wurden in der Nacht vom Mai v.
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Content[ edit ] In the preface Alcibiades is described as an ambitious young man who is eager to enter public life. He is extremely proud of his good looks, noble birth, many friends, possessions and his connection to Pericles , the leader of the Athenian state. Alcibiades has many admirers but they have all run away, afraid of his coldness.
Socrates was the first of his admirers but he has not spoken to him for many years. Now the older man tries to help the youth with his questions before Alcibiades presents himself in front of the Athenian assembly.
For the rest of the dialogue Socrates explains the many reasons why Alcibiades needs him. The first topic they enter is the essence of politics — war and peace. Socrates claims that people should fight on just grounds, but he doubts that Alcibiades has any knowledge about justice. Alcibiades suggests that politics is not about justice but expediency and the two principles could be opposed.
Socrates persuades him that he is mistaken, and there is no expediency without justice. The humiliated youth concedes that he knows nothing about politics. Later Alcibiades says that he is not concerned about his ignorance because all the other Athenian politicians are ignorant.
Socrates reminds him that his true rivals are the kings of Sparta and Persia. He delivers a long lecture about the careful education, glorious might and unparalleled richness of these foreign rulers. After this interlude the dialogue proceeds with further questioning about the rules of society.
They discuss that the "ruling principle" of man is not the body but the soul. With this Socrates proves that he is the only true lover of Alcibiades. Tyrannical power should not be the aim of individuals but people accept to be commanded by a superior. In the last sentence Socrates expresses his hope that Alcibiades will persist, but he has fears because the power of the state "may be too much" for both of them.
Authenticity[ edit ] In antiquity Alcibiades I was regarded as the best text to introduce one to Platonic philosophy , which may be why it has continued to be included in the Platonic corpus since then. The authenticity of the dialogue was never doubted in antiquity.
It was not until that the German scholar Friedrich Schleiermacher argued against the ascription to Plato. A later dating has also been defended. Nicholas Denyer suggests that it was written in the s BC, when Plato, back in Athens, could reflect on the similarities between Dionysius II of Syracuse as we know him from the Seventh Letter and Alcibiades—two young men interested in philosophy but compromised by their ambition and faulty early education.
Content[ edit ] In the preface Alcibiades is described as an ambitious young man who is eager to enter public life. He is extremely proud of his good looks, noble birth, many friends, possessions and his connection to Pericles , the leader of the Athenian state. Alcibiades has many admirers but they have all run away, afraid of his coldness. Socrates was the first of his admirers but he has not spoken to him for many years.
According to Aristophanes the Athenian people "yearns for him, and hates him too, but wants him back". Aeschylus sees Alcibiades as a powerful creation arousing admiration, but also as a "savage figure" unacceptable and dangerous when released in the city. Some scholars, however, consider them spurious. According to Plato, Alcibiades is an extraordinary soul, an embodiment of the pursuit of worldly power. What is extraordinary for the philosopher, however, is not the deeds that result but the soul itself, especially that selfish passion for what is best for himself beyond the conventional offices and honors. For Plato, Alcibiades embodies the culmination of politics, but that culmination that seeks a grand and almost god-like superiority that transcends politics.