ARISTOTLE AND XENOPHON ON DEMOCRACY AND OLIGARCHY PDF

Goltirr This book is not yet featured on Listopia. The Constitution of the Athenians ascribed to Xenophon the orator. Return to Book Page. Remember me on this computer. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Be the first to ask a question about Aristotle and Xenophon on Democracy and Oligarchy.

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Aristotle was born at Stagira, in Macedonia, in B. When Plato died in B. After Hermias was captured and executed by the Persians in B. Aristotle died in B. Much of his considerable output of historical writing and essays is frankly or implicitly autobiographical. He reveals himself as one of those many Athenians and other Greeks who turned to autocratic political models, including admiration of Persia, after the excesses of the Athenian democracy led to disaster in the Peloponnesian War.

He also reveals himself as much more than a literary man and a critic of his times. A gentleman adventurer and something of a professional soldier, he followed in turn the philosopher Socrates, the Persian prince Cyrus the Younger, and the Spartan king Agesilaus, all of whom he wrote about with an air of close personal knowledge. His works include the autobiographical Anabasis, an account of his service with a mercenary Greek army that marched from Mesopotamia to the Black Sea after the defeat and death of the younger Cyrus.

The Cyropaedia is a fictional idealization of the career of Cyrus the Great, the only great conqueror known to the Greeks before Alexander. Often regarded merely as a novel, it is a species of a priori historical reconstruction. Xenophon had a conventional and second-rate mind, but he is a valuable resource because of his mediocrity. He enables us to make contact with an ordinary intellect from a world that often seems dominated by geniuses.

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