See also: Kalahandi State Kalahandi region had a glorious past and great civilisation in ancient time. Paleolithic is being documented in Kalahandi, like Moter river basin in Dharamgarh region. Kalahandi region was known as Indravana from where precious gem-stones and diamond were collected for the imperial Maurya treasury. Vyaghraraja was ruling over Mahakantara comprising Kalahandi, undivided Koraput and Bastar region. Maraguda valley was identified as capital of Sarabapuriyas. By the 9th—10th centuries the region including Western Odisha , Kalahandi, Koraput and Bastar was known as Trikalinga.
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Archaeological record of Tel valley reveals the presence of the primates in its various zones during the Pleistocenephase. Paleolithic is being documented in Kalahandi, like Moter river basin in Dharamgarh region. Kalahandi region was known as Indravana from where precious gem-stones and diamond were collected for the imperial Maurya treasury. Vyaghraraja was ruling over Mahakantara comprising Kalahandi, undivided Koraput and Bastar region.
Maraguda valley was identified as capital of Sarabapuriyas. By the 9th—10th centuries the region including Western Odisha , Kalahandi, Koraput and Bastar was known as Trikalinga. The Naga dynasty started ruling Kalahandi in The Nagas of Kalahandi are the only dynasty in Odisha having a record of thousand years — During the 12th century Chkrakota Mandal was incorporated with the Ganga realm of Kalinga, and renamed "Kamala Mandala", thus Kalahandi region became part of Kalinga as a feudatory of the Eastern Gangas under Nagas rules and continued till 14th century.
This territory assumed independence after the downfall of the Gajapatis of Odisha in According to tradition the Kalahandi kingdom commanded sovereign power over eighteen garbs. It was occupied by the Bhonslas of Nagpur in the middle of the 18th century but still it was a Gadajat under Nagas rule. Then Kalahandi became a princely state under British and known as Karonda Mandal.
Maharaja Pratap Keshari Deo, the Ex-Maharaja of Kalahandi, in one of his articles expressed his view that the historical significance of naming Kalahandi as Karunda Mandala is based on the availability of Corundum in this region. Manikeswari the goddess of Manikya , the clan deity of the Naga kings of Kalahandi may have also necessitated the adoption of the name.
On 1 November , Patna Balangir district and Subarnapur district together constituted a separate district and the Nuapada sub-division of Sambalpur was added to the Kalahandi district.
In , Kashipur block of Kalahandi district was transferred to Rayagada division for administrative purpose. In , Nuapada sub-division was carved out as a separate district, but Kalahandi Lok Sabha constituency continues to constitute present Kalahandi district and Nuapada district together.
Post-independence Kalahandi Syndrome Kalahandi hits the headlines in newspapers for the repeated drought situation that has broken the economic backbone of the cultivators. A long history of drought covering more than a century in Kalahandi has occurred. Drought had occurred in Kalahandi in , and The famine of is otherwise known as "Chhapan Salar Durbhikshya".
The effect of the famine, according to the District Gazetteers, were of a magnitude unprecedented in any previous famine. This famine left a terrible socio-economic gloom in this area. In — another drought occurred followed by cholera, influenza and malnutrition due to lack of foodstuff.
A series of drought in —, —, —, — and —56 occurred in Kalahandi. The terrible drought of —66, which occurred in Kalahandi, totally broke down the economic backbone of the people. Due to lack of rain, three-fourth crop production failed. The effect of the drought continued to be felt in As regards this drought, the following description from the District Gazetteers is worth quoting.
The worst sufferers were the landed gentry, who, because of the drought, could not reap a harvest nor could they take to manual labour to which they were not accustomed. The pastures lost the greenery and the bovine population therefore was equally starved. Everywhere there was an acute shortage of water.
After the severe drought of and , the rich cultivators of this area came down to the status of middle class cultivators and the middle class cultivators into ordinary one. They all turned into Sukhbasis. The daily wage labourers and landless are generally called "Sukhbasi" in Kalahandi meaning those who live happily.
Continuous occurrence of drought along with the irregular rainfall has resulted in crop failure and thus people became poorer to poorer.
Along with the drought the problems such as rural unemployment, non-industrialization, growth of population and rapid deforestation are some of the major problems of Kalahandi.
Hence being gripped both by nature and men, the rural inhabitant of Kalahandi has found no other way of survival. As a result, either he has migrated from his motherland or lived in the wasteland as a crippled soldier. Kalahandi has been in the news since the middle of the s when India Today reported sale of a child by its parents due to financial crisis.
That article led the then prime minister  Prime Minister P. Nonetheless, Kalahandi has not been able to take off despite of hosts of programmes, largely because of lacuna at implementation stage.
As the basic infrastructure is dismal state, the development progress is very slow. Kalahandi is more often used a symbol of backwardness in popular media and among politicians or social workers. Use of Kalahandi in popular literature has been controversial. In a literary conference, "Rajya Stariya Lekhaka Sammilani" in at Bhawanipatna many invited speakers and local intellectuals pointed out that its not wise to use the name "Kalahandi" as synonym for starvation death as starvation death does not imply image of Kalahandi completely and by using Kalahandi name for starvation death other rich aspects of life in Kalahandi are being ignored.
Starvation death was just one side of a coin, like poverty in Odisha or India. However, there are many writers, philosophers, social workers, journalists, politicians etc.
No other MPs in last two decades have made it to any important post of national or state level. Despite trio of them being in an important ministry like Revenue and Tourism, Agriculture they failed to make it to limelight.
Political disappointment in the region is raising. Kalahandi highlighted for starvation and poverty is often marginalised in Odisha state and Indian national politics. This discrimination is thought to be due to national politics. Immediately after independence Kalahandi Lok Sabha Constituency was represented by non-congress candidate for 30 years, the period India was ruled by Congress Party.
Thus, Kalahandi Lok Sabha Constituency was neglected and left out of development initiatives when the Congress ruled at the Centre. Indira Gandhi visited Kalahandi in the early s; Rajiv Gandhi visited in ; Sonia Gandhi visited in , and Rahul Gandhi visited in , and Since , the Indian National Congress has been ruling for 20 years at the Centre.
No public sector industrial investment has been taken place in Kalahandi since past 62 years. Local need in major infrastructure in railway, highways and demand for a railway factory and Central University is not yet addressed.
Administrative Setup Kalahandi has been divided into two sub-divisions namely Bhawanipatna subdivision and Dharamgarh subdivision and 13 blocks. Rampur, and T. Struggle for irrigation project During princely state Kalahandi, a major irrigation project was initiated on Indravati River by intellectuals and then Maharaja Pratap Keshari Deo around — However, in post independence period it took about 30 years until late prime minister Mr.
Maraji Desai accepted Mr. Many people think such delay was due to Congress Party which was ruling India since independence and was not in a favour of development of a Lok Sabha Constituency which was represented by non-congress party. However, the project is a major boost to agricultural development today known as Upper Indravati Hydroelectric and irrigation project.
There are still concerns and lack for government funds to irrigate Koksara, Golamunda and Bhawanipatan blocks in Kalahandi through this projects as every year lots of water is released from the dam through Hati river without using for irrigation. Similarly water shades in Tel river for irrigation in Kalahandi is one of the basic demands of local farmers which is not getting Government support.
Earlier proposal to establish a Government Engineering College in Kalahandi or Koraput region in the s was later on shifted to some other part in Odisha for political reasons. A team visited by planning commission to Kalahandi Balangir Koraput KBK region had suggested to establish an agriculture college in the region.
Since people of Kalahandi are seriously demanding a Central University in Kalahandi as it is located centrally to all KBK districts and have good railway connectivity to major cities in India from Kesinga railway station. In the s when state Government of Odisha proposed to establish a University in northern Odisha, people of Kalahandi repeated their demand for such a University in Kalahandi as well.
Then Chief Minister of Odisha Biju Patnaik while addressing publicly in Government College Bhawanipatna said Government could not establish University if people want to establish University in their neighbourhood.
But Mr Giridhar Gomang, Chief Minister of Odisha later on agreed to establish two Universities in Baripada and Balasore due to public protest making people of Kalahandi highly disappointed.
Many memoranda were submitted to both state and central Government in this regards during past 9 years. Naveen Patnaik promised and asked them to find out land details for establishing it in Kalahandi. People of Kalahandi sent the land details through district of Collector of Kalahandi in July Struggle for a railway factory Kalahandi and Nuapada districts have a higher number of migrant workers than other states.
Agriculture alone is not enough for employment generation for this region and needs industrial development. Local demands for a railway factory is pending since last one and half decade.
In the budget Indian railway has proposed a Wagon factory to be established in Bhubaneswar or Kalahandi. Passenger Service in this new railway line started from Bhawanipatna. The surveyed railway line, Kantabanji Balangir -Jeypore Koraput via Nuapada, Kalahandi and Nabarangpur districts, needs approval, funding and immediate immplementation. Geography Nature in Kalahandi Kalahandi lies in between It has an area of 8, The district headquarters is at Bhawanipatna which stands almost in the central location of the district.
Bhawanipatna and Dharamgarh are two sub-divisions of Kalahandi. Tel is the main river of Kalahandi. Kalahandi is surrounded by hills. Its border with Nabarangpur, Koraput, Rayagada and Kandhamal districts are hilly and mountainous. The district is primarily agricultural, with over one third of the district area covered with dense jungle forest.
Industry is very limited, but bauxite and graphite deposits can be commercially exploited. During Bengal famine Kalahandi alone had sent , tons of rice. During the s princely state of Kalahandi had proposed to build upper Indravati project but subsequent merger of princely state with India delayed the project.
It got approved in and yet to be fully completed. In the mean time drought occurred in the s and lately in the s. On the one side, this district is famous for famine and starvation deaths: this is the same district that is rich with agriculture. Dharamgarh sub-division was historical known for rice production in Odisha.
BOOK CENSUS DISTRICT HAND KALAHANDI PDF
Kigarr To review implementation of Developmental Programme of District. Issued of Cheque to Executants. Archived from the original on 23 August And right canal is done is Junagarh Nandol area and Bhawanipatna Block, the construction work is under process in Karlapada block where it merges with Ret River. Public interaction, if any: The field level worker viz. Along with the drought the problems such as rural unemployment, non-industrialization, growth of population and rapid deforestation are some of the major problems of Kalahandi. Kalahhandi page was last edited on 17 Decemberat The broadcasting covers a popuplation of approx. It also helps for the improvement of the land utilisation, irrigation facilities and the input standard of the cultivation process.
Rayagada District : Census 2011-2020 data - Corona Virus | Covid 19 Data
Brarisar Archaeological evidence of stone age and Iron Age human settlement has been recovered from the region. Industry is very limited, but bauxite and graphite deposits can be commercially exploited. Information of all files. Kalahandi locally pronounced Kalahani is a district of Odisha in India. Then Kalahandi became a princely state under British and known as Karonda Mandal.
Archaeological record of Tel valley reveals the presence of the primates in its various zones during the Pleistocenephase. Paleolithic is being documented in Kalahandi, like Moter river basin in Dharamgarh region. Kalahandi region was known as Indravana from where precious gem-stones and diamond were collected for the imperial Maurya treasury. Vyaghraraja was ruling over Mahakantara comprising Kalahandi, undivided Koraput and Bastar region. Maraguda valley was identified as capital of Sarabapuriyas. By the 9th—10th centuries the region including Western Odisha , Kalahandi, Koraput and Bastar was known as Trikalinga. The Naga dynasty started ruling Kalahandi in
Daramar Madanpur RampurPhulbani. During the period from tothe centre has bagged 10 national awards and five nominee prizes for different programmes produced by it. Map of Office Location: The multi coloured rainbow created by the sunrays falling on the scattered water particles of the fall is an amusing sight to be seen. It is a dialect of Odia language. It is classified as folk dance as the dress code of Ghumura resembles more like a tribal dance, but recent researchers argue  different mudra and dance csnsus present in Ghumura bear more resemblance with other classical dance form of India. Political disappointment in the region is raising.