Ly, Les poissons de mer de Mauritanie. Science Nat. Eyeson, Observations on the reproductive biology of the shad, Ethmalosa fimbriata Bodwich , in coastal waters of Cape Coast, Ghana. Fish Biol.
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Reports from Cape Verde Islands are based on an erroneous type locality for Clupea fimbriata by Bowdich which was followed by later authors Ref. Diagnosis: Ethmalosa fimbriata is distinguished from other clupeids by the presence of a median notch on the upper jaw, into which tip of lower jaw fits Ref. A faint dark spot behind gill cover, sometimes followed by others; dorsal fin tip black; caudal fin deep chrome yellow; golden tints on body Ref. Ethmalosa fimbriata resembles Sardinella aurita, Sardinella rouxi and especially Sardinella maderensis, but these are more slender, have a rounded upper jaw which is not notched and the upper gillrakers are not bent upward like an elbow Ref.
It feeds principally on phytoplankton, chiefly diatoms, filtered by the very fine gillraker sieve Ref. It breeds throughout the year in waters of salinities 3. Spawns in the sea, in estuaries and in rivers. Whitehead, P. FAO Species Catalogue. Clupeoid fishes of the world suborder Clupeoidei. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings.
FAO Fish. Rome: FAO.
Ethmalosa fimbriata (Bowdich, 1825)