The new FFG X warships will be packed with sensors and weapons including lasers! Frigates are some of the smallest surface warships around. Smaller than destroyers and cruisers, frigates are meant to operate in under the protection of those higher end ships as part of a task force. Alternately they can operate on their own when a smaller, less capable ship will do, chasing lightly armed pirates, running down enemy submarines, or just generally showing the flag abroad.

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The original plan was for the Littoral Combat Ships to take over the role, but ongoing issues with LCS prevented that from becoming a reality.

Enter from stage left the future FFG X. There is no lack for capable guided missile frigates in the world today. This becomes all the more acute as more of the large surface combatants, the Arleigh Burke destroyers and Ticonderoga cruisers, get tasked to ballistic missile defense patrols, anti-piracy work, or other work that pulls them away from their primary duties.

The USN knows this. Or rather, the USN recognizes this for the multifaceted problem that it is. It is, broadly speaking, a problem that stretches from the ship yards on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts, to the halls of Congress, to the Persian Gulf and the coast of North Korea and anywhere else the vessels may be expected to sail.

The future frigate will have to be lethal enough to shoot it out with peer adversaries and win, while being survivable enough to take a hit and still come home. It will have to be able to hunt submarines one day, and defend itself from a salvo of anti-ship missiles the next.

In the even of a major conflict, it will have to be able to successfully escort merchant ships across the great oceans of the world without the benefit of a Ticonderoga class cruiser helping out, or the protection provided by a carrier air wing.

The Mediterranean Sea Mar. George CG The Cape St. Navy photo by Intelligence Specialist 1st Kenneth Moll. Congress is unlikely to authorize the Navy to build a ship that does not utilize as many American jobs as possible. The Navy suffers, organization wide, from the same not-built-here syndrome that the rest of the Department of Defense does.

American military shipyards are struggling under constant boom-bust cycles, resulting in a dire need for long-term stability, a stability it was hope LCS could provide. FFG X must then, politically, serve as a the fix-all for a broad range of problems from the shipyards to the fleet.

And it has to do it for cheap. This, for reference, is somewhere between 1. Navy spokespeople say this is feasible, though the first in class is expected to be significantly more expensive than the rest. More importantly, all of them should fit, or be adapted to, the requirements laid out by the USN. The public got a look at the specific requirements recently, as illustrated by this graphic.

Author unknown These requirements suggest a capable omni-role combatant, with the ability to become an exceptional asset in relevant areas. The challenge, as always, will be how much it will cost to get all these systems on the same hull, working together as intended. The stand-out question is which option the USN will decide to go with. Until that decision is made later this year, everything is speculation.

There are several factors that play into this selection, only one of which is the best ship for the job. However, some informed speculation can be made at this point though it is important to point out that it is just that, speculation. Author unknown. The Navantia-designed F design has probably been seriously challenged by the collision last year which sank the HNoMS Helge Instad , in a painfully public display of failures in damage control.

Examples such as the Stark and Samuel B. Roberts, being struck by two Exocet missiles and a mine respectively, are simultaneously icons of what to right in damage control and object lessons in how not to get there in the first place. The 7th fleet collisions in were symptomatic of a systemic failure in leadership and ensuring crews got their required rest, but both ships made it back to port still afloat.

The idea of a future frigate not coming home after taking serious damage is not one the US has had to seriously contemplate since WWII, and that counts for a lot. The Italian FREMM design, separate from the similar French variant which is not under consideration, is the much stronger of the two international candidates.

The ship, while capable, is going to face an uphill struggle as a foreign contender in an American competition. The strength of her ASW fit, with the space for a large and capable Variable Depth Sonar, will do the design well as the Navy comes back around to focusing on the mechanisms of great power competition.

Frigate Bergamini on her shakedown cruise. The Huntington Ingalls Legend-class cutter derivative is a ghost at the time of writing. The only information that appears to credible is that their final pitch was unlike those shown to the public when the FFG X program was first being spun up. Given the lack of credible information, it seems rather useless to speculate. However, the other contenders in the competition were stronger when last the public got a look at the HII design, and as such, I have trouble believing they have turned it into a dark horse winner.

The last two competitors are both larger, more capable versions of the two LCS designs. In my mind, one of these has the best chance to win the competition for several reasons. The first is the expected bias towards keeping Austal or Marinette Marine in business with new contracts. The second is that the designs are being drawn from the ground up for the new electronics and sensors that the USN requires, rather than having to adapt existing designs.

In a way, not having been built yet serves as an advantage, as the integration issues with newly designed sensors and other technologies on the USS Gerald R.

Ford and Zumwalt have shown. The U. The more conservative Freedom seems more likely to be able to stay on budget and on schedule, as much as can be expected with the class.

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FFG(X): What Will the US Navy Choose for its New Frigate?

Министр оборонной промышленности Австралии Кристофер Пайн Сhristopher Pyne заявил, что в этом конкурсе нет явного лидера. Программа строительства новых фрегатов оценивается в 35 млрд долл США. В конкурсе участвуют, кроме Fincantieri, такие солидные оборонные подрядчики как британская BAE Systems и испанская Navantia. Строительство фрегатов для австралийского фота должно начаться в промышленном хабе Techport в году.


Classe FREMM

The frigates between the two navies share some general characteristics, weapons and systems but also have several differences in the equipment related to propulsion system, electronic equipment and weapons following the different requirements of both navies. However the differences between these Italian variants are focused basically only in some of the main weapon systems and specifically in the guns and missiles. Both the two Italian variants will be analyzed in another article. Photo: DCNS. High resolution image here. However, the number of the FREMMs under construction have been reduced dramatically due to the economic crisis. The first of the Aquitaine class entered in service in August of

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