Anand learned to play chess from his mother when he was 6 years old. By the time he was 14, Anand had won the Indian National Sub-Junior Championship with a perfect score of nine wins in nine games. At age 15 he became the youngest Indian to earn the international master title. The following year, he won the first of three consecutive national championships. At age 17 Anand became the first Asian to win a world chess title when he won the FIDE World Junior Championship, which is open to players who have not reached their 20th birthday by January 1 of the tournament year. Anand followed up that victory by earning the international grandmaster title in
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Anand learned to play chess from his mother when he was 6 years old. By the time he was 14, Anand had won the Indian National Sub-Junior Championship with a perfect score of nine wins in nine games. At age 15 he became the youngest Indian to earn the international master title. The following year, he won the first of three consecutive national championships. At age 17 Anand became the first Asian to win a world chess title when he won the FIDE World Junior Championship, which is open to players who have not reached their 20th birthday by January 1 of the tournament year.
Anand followed up that victory by earning the international grandmaster title in In Anand won his first major international chess tournament, finishing ahead of world champion Garry Kasparov and former world champion Anatoly Karpov. For the first time since the American Bobby Fischer abandoned the title in , a non-Russian had emerged as a favourite to become world chess champion.
Because of the unusual format of the event, involving a series of short matches with quick time controls, it was boycotted by many of the top players. Anand got his first title shot in , when he was ranked number two behind Kasparov, but he lost the PCA championship match to Kasparov with a score of 1 win, 13 draws, and 4 losses.
At the time of their match, Anand was ranked third, behind Kasparov and Kramnik but ahead of sixth-ranked Karpov. Anand first had to battle his way through the strongest sequence of knockout matches in chess history in order to play Karpov, who was directly seeded into the final match. Because of the tradition of having to beat the previous champion in a relatively long match, as well as misgivings about the short formats and quick time controls used in the knockout matches, most fans did not recognize Anand, or any of the FIDE champions since Kasparov, as legitimate.
Anand finally achieved his place in the list of generally recognized world chess champions with his victory in the FIDE World Chess Championship, a double round-robin tournament against most of the best players in the world. In a double round-robin, each participant plays two games, one with the white pieces and one with the black pieces, against every other player. In addition, FIDE guaranteed Kramnik a championship match against the tournament winner should he fail to win the event.
The match ended October 29, , as Anand drew the 11th game to win the match with a score of 3 wins, 7 draws, and 1 loss. Anand retained his title as world champion in , defeating Veselin Topalov of Bulgaria in the 12th and final game of their match. In he faced Boris Gelfand of Israel in the championship match. The two men were tied after the 12th game, but Anand won the rapid tiebreaker round to remain world champion.
This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen , Corrections Manager. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
Viswanathan Anand Biography: The Champion Who Inspired Generations to Pursue Chess
Birth Element : Earth Viswanathan Anand Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Most of his spectators around the world have described him as an unassuming and straightforward person who, by all means, avoided controversies and politics, only concentrating on his game. Viswanathan Anand, also popular as Vishy, is an Indian highly gifted, five times world chess champion, who started playing chess at only six years of age before improving rapidly to become a Chess Grandmaster. Susheela Viswanathan, a housewife, influential former socialite and chess aficionado. He was the youngest of their three children; the others include his elder brother Shivakumar, now a manager at Crompton Greaves, India and his sister Anuratha, now a professor at the University of Michigan, USA. Between the age of five and six, his mother, together with their then family friend called Deepa Ramakrishnan introduced him to chess for the first time. Try The Karma Quiz Now!! Chess Career Viswanathan Anand started his professional career as a chess player early in his life.
Viswanathan Anand Net Worth, Biography, Age, Height, Wife
Sports By Santosh February 10, Viswanathan Anand is the famous chess grand master from India, who has achieved great fame on the national and international level. He has done the country proud by becoming the World Champion in the game, from to They have a son who was born on 9th April, Vishwanathan Ananad learned to play chess from his mother when he was just 6 years old. Despite his tremendous achievements, Anand is recognized as a very simple and down to earth person, who spends his spare time reading, swimming and listening to music. He has been known for his efforts to encourage chess as a sport in the country.
He is 11 years younger than his sister and 13 years younger than his brother. His elder brother, Shivakumar, is a manager at Crompton Greaves in India and his elder sister, Anuradha, is a professor in the United States at the University of Michigan. Soon afterwards, he participated in the 26th Chess Olympiad , held in Thessaloniki , where he made his debut in the Indian national team. He won that title two more times. He played games at blitz speed. He was awarded Padma Shri at the age of eighteen. Anand at the Manila Olympiad , age 22 In the World Chess Championship cycle Anand qualified for his first Candidates Tournament , winning his first match but narrowly losing his quarter-final match to runner-up Anatoly Karpov.
Viswanathan Anand Age, Wife, Family, Children, Biography, Facts & More