Shanris Read, highlight, and take notes, across web, tablet, and phone. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. My library Help Advanced Book Search. Zero Hour details the existence of tyranny in America; the Psalms are a rewriting of the biblical Psalms of David for a modern world.
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Share via Email Ernesto Cardenal at home in Managua, Moments later, TV cameras showed the pontiff wagging a finger at the kneeling Ernesto Cardenal, priest and minister of culture, admonishing him for mixing religion and politics. But for Cardenal, who has died aged 95, there was no distinction between the two. His beliefs as a Roman Catholic growing up in Central America in the s and 50s led him to seek social justice in a country that had for many years suffered under the dynastic rule of the Somoza family.
His faith also meant he could not avoid political responsibility if it was thrust upon him. As a youth he began writing love poems, heavily influenced by the Chilean poet Pablo Neruda. In the same year, his anthology of contemporary Nicaraguan poetry was published in Spain.
He also helped start a venture to publish cheap editions of classic texts. Cardenal spent the next two years at Columbia University in New York City, where, among other work, he wrote the long poem Raleigh, in which, for the first time, he explored the shared history of the peoples of the American continent before and after its conquest by Europeans.
By the time of his return to Nicaragua in , Cardenal had founded a new poetic movement, exteriorismo. Part of his literary output at this time came in the form of aphorisms.
Many of them called for revolt against the Somoza dynasty, landing Cardenal in jail for a short period in His commitment to action as well as literature led to his participation in the failed April uprising against the dictatorship, which marked him deeply and permanently. In Cardenal experienced his religious conversion.
His life there is reflected in the collection of poems Gethsemani, Ky, published in He was ordained in His major book of poems from these years is Zero-Hour, published in Mexico in , as were his Epigramas the following year.
The community was established in , and, as well as literacy and poetry workshops, soon became famous for its naive paintings and tapestries. In Cardenal underwent what he saw as another conversion: a three-month stay in revolutionary Cuba convinced him that Marxism offered the best way forward for social justice. He saw no contradiction between this and the kind of primitive Christian community he was developing in Solentiname, even producing a liberation theology version of the New Testament: El Evangelio en Solentiname The Gospel in Solentiname.
In , following an attack on a national guard barracks in the nearby town of San Carlos, the settlement at Solentiname was razed to the ground in reprisal. Again he saw no contradiction between his political work — which included a publishing venture and the creation of poetry workshops everywhere from coffee plantations to army units — and his religious duties.
The pope and traditionalists in the Roman Catholic church saw things differently, however, and in he was suspended from the priesthood. He financed the rightwing Contra rebels, who opposed the Sandinista government and soon stifled the gains of the revolution in a bloody civil war. In Cardenal resigned as minister of culture, in part because of the climate of war, and also because of personal rivalries within the Sandinista movement.
He returned to Solentiname, and after the Sandinistas were voted out of power in was one of those who became disillusioned with the lack of transparency and democracy within the movement.
He was increasingly at odds with the administrations led by Daniel Ortega since Although he was able to write little poetry as a minister, his later work, including Los Ovnis de Oro The Golden UFOs, returned to themes of the shared history and identity of the native peoples of America.
His work was increasingly recognised internationally: he was nominated four times for the Nobel prize in literature, and in was awarded the Reina Sofia prize for Ibero-American poetry. The community Cardenal created at Solentiname continues to prosper. The members produce paintings of the lake, its birds and other wildlife, and pursue the vision of a utopia in this world to which Cardenal dedicated his life.
Ernesto Cardenal. Un hasta luego al cura y poeta de Solentiname
“La Palabra” por Ernesto Cardenal, cura y poeta.