But the word actually indicates Lord Vishnu, who is the God among the great trinity in charge of the care of the created beings. He is supposed to live in the ocean of milk and his consort is Lakshmi the goddess of wealth and prosperity. Along with the Rudram it is one of the greatest stotras originating from the Vedas. While the devotees of Rudra are afraid of his anger and request Him again and again, the devotees of Purusha keep praising him, describing his various facets and request boons from him.

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Sruti -- that which is heard -- is of the nature of divine revelation. We believe that the Vedas, hymns composed by seers and sages beginning as best as we can date them in BC, were sung under divine inspiration.

This is why they are Sruti. Only two bodies of hymns are recognized as divinely composed. They are of paramount and equal authority to Sri Vaishnavas.

The Purusha Suktam is seen earliest in the Rg Veda, as the 90th Suktam of its 10th mandalam, with 16 mantrams. Saunaka, Apastamba, and Bodhayana have also written concerning the use of the Purusha Suktam. What does the Purusha Suktam talk about? He was the source of all creation. It describes this form of his, as having countless heads, eyes, legs, manifested everywhere, and beyond the scope of any limited method of comprehension.

All creation is but a fourth part of him. The rest is unmanifested. Your senses, the devas, shall be the ritviks. Your body shall be the havis. Your heart, the altar. And I shall be he who enjoys the havis -- the offering.

From your body sacrificed, shall you create bodies for all living creatures, as you have done in kalpas before this. The act of creation itself grew out of yajna, the rite of sacrifice. Who was worshipped at this sacrifice? It was the Purusha. Who performed it? Brahma, the creative aspect of the Purusha.

Who were the ritvik priests? Who was tied as the beast of the sacrifice? Brahma, again. What was barhis, the altar of the sacrifice? All of nature. Who was the fire? What was sacrificed? Again, the Purusha himself, his great body that contained all of creation. In a way, this is a message of love, that the Purusha would consume himself in the fire of creation, to create all the worlds. From this sacrifice did all of creation emanate. This is central to the message of the Purusha Sukta.

Who knows the Purusha thus, attains immortality in this very birth. I know of no other way to salvation. What about this translation attempt? The redaction I have attempted to translate is based to a large part on theistic tradition and approach, rather than a critical approach. This is because this is the way this wonderful cosmogenical song speaks to me.

My sources for the translation are to put it mildly, a hodgepodge. I have little skill in Sanskrit myself, and have had to borrow heavily from these sources: Purushasukta Bhashya of Ranganaatha Muni. New York: Hymns from the Vedas, by Avinash Chandra Bose. Bombay: Madras: Rg bhAshya saMgraha, Chanana, ed. Hopefully, that works. And now, on with the show! Purusha Sukta:.


Purusha Sukta

It is recited in almost all Vedic rituals and ceremonies. The Purusha Sukta is an important part of the Rig-veda It also appears in the Taittiriya Aranyaka 3. An explanation of parts of it can also be found in the Shatapatha Brahman, the Taittiriya Brahmana, and the Shvetashvatara Upanishad. The Mudgalopanishad gives a nice summary of the entire Purusha Sukta. The contents of the Sukta have also been reflected and elaborated in the Bhagavata Purana 2. The most commonly used portion of the Sukta contains 24 mantras or stanzas.


What about this translation attempt?

Content[ edit ] The Purusha Sukta gives a description of the spiritual unity of the universe. It presents the nature of Purusha, or the cosmic being, as both immanent in the manifested world and yet transcendent to it. Purusha[ edit ] The Purusha is defined in verses 2 to 5 of the Sukta. He is described as a being who pervades everything conscious and unconscious universally. He is poetically depicted as a being with thousand heads, eyes and legs, enveloping not just the earth, but the entire universe from all sides and transcending it by ten fingers length - or transcending in all 10 directions. All manifestations, in past, present and future, is held to be the Purusha alone.



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