Its sanctum so universal among Hindus that all mystics and saints of any and varied spiritual traditions hold tulasi in utmost reverence. Flowers, leaves, fruits are an integral part of Hindu worship. Among the leaves which are used for Hindu worship, tulasi occupies prominent position. We are all familiar with this story how when Satyabhama, weighed Sri Krishna in gold, found him heavier. The scales then become all at once so heavy that even after removing all the jewels, the scales are weighed down on the side of the tulasi leaf Various saints and haridasas have very beautifully expounded the importance of tulasi-dala a single tulasi leaf in worship of Lord Vishnu. It is believed that Vishnu is present wherever tulasi is present.
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The legend behind Tulsi Vivah and its rites are told in the scripture, Padma Purana. She was an incarnation of the Goddess Lakshmi. She was married to the Asura king Shankchur, who due to her piety and devotion to Vishnu, became invincible. Even Shiva could not defeat Shankchur, so he requested Vishnu - the preserver in the Trinity - to find a solution. Vishnu disguised himself as Shankchur and tricked Vrinda by touching her. She realized it was not her husband but Vishnu.
This destroyed her chastity. With her chastity destroyed, Shankchur lost his power and was killed by Shiva. Vrinda cursed Vishnu to become Shaligram and to be separated from his wife, Lakshmi. This was later fulfilled when he was transformed into the black Shaligram stone actually a fossil , and in his Rama avatar, was separated from his wife Sita , who was kidnapped by the asura king Ravana. Vrinda then drowned herself in the ocean, and the gods or Vishnu himself transferred her soul to a plant, which was henceforth called Tulsi.
To commemorate this event, the ceremony of Tulsi Vivah is performed. A mandap marriage booth is built around the courtyard of the house where the Tulsi plant is usually planted in centre of the courtyard in a brick plaster called the Tulsi vrindavana. It is believed that the soul of Vrinda resides in the plant at night and leaves in the morning. A human paper face with a bindi and nose-ring may be attached to Tulsi.
The groom is a brass image or picture of Vishnu or Krishna or sometimes Balarama or more frequently the Shaligram stone - the symbol of Vishnu. The image is clothed in a dhoti. Both Vishnu and Tulsi are bathed and decorated with flowers and garlands before the wedding. The couple is linked with a cotton thread mala in the ceremony. At Prabhu Dham in Saunja, India , the festival is collectively celebrated by whole village which makes it a significant point of attraction.
Here it is celebrated as three day festival in the Hindi month of Kartik from Ekadashi to Trayodashi. The festival is started with the vedic chanting of Ramcharitmanas or Ramayana by the villagers itself.
The second day is celebrated as Sobha Yatra which is of significant importance in which the special prasad is Pongal , and the third day is celebrated as Tilakotsav and Vivahotsav of Lord Vishnu and Devi Brinda. The villagers prepare 56 types of prasad known as Chapan Bhog and distributed to all. All caste takes participation in this village accordingly. Devoties including saints and mahants all over from Bihar visit this place to celebrate this festive occasion. In Maharashtra , an important ritual in the ceremony is when the white cloth is held between the bride and the groom and the priest recites the Mangal Ashtaka mantras.
These mantras formally complete the wedding. Rice mixed with vermilion is showered by the attendees on Tulsi and Vishnu at the end of the recitation of the mantras with the word "Savadhan" literally "be careful" implying "You are united now". The white curtain is also removed. The attendees clap signifying approval to the wedding.
The bride is offered saris, turmeric, vermilion and a wedding necklace called Mangal-sutra, worn by married women. Sweets and food cooked for an actual wedding are cooked for Tulsi Vivah too. This ceremony is mostly performed by women. The expenses of the wedding are usually borne by a daughter-less couple, who act as the parents of Tulsi in the ritual wedding.
The giving away of the daughter Tulsi kanyadaan to Krishna is considered meritorious to the couple. The bridal offerings to Tulsi are given to a Brahmin priest or female ascetics after the ceremony. Lalji is placed in a palanquin and accompanied by singing and dancing devotees. Bhajans are sung throughout the night and in the morning the barat of Lalji returns to their village with Tulsi.
Sri Tulasi Pooja Vidhanam – శ్రీ తులసీ దేవీ షోడశోపచార పూజ
tulasi pooja vidhanam in telugu pdf