BARMEN DECLARATION PDF

One of the key figures in this confessing church was a young professor of theology at the University of Berlin, Dietrich Bonhoeffer. And though he was young, he was wise and mature beyond his years. He was able to see not only the problems with the Nazi Party and where it was going to eventually take Germany, but also the significant problems that result when the church aligns itself with a political party or a political ideology. In response to the Reichskirche, Dietrich Bonhoeffer wrote the Bethel Confession, which was not well received.

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See Article History Synod of Barmen, meeting of German Protestant leaders at Barmen in the Ruhr, in May , to organize Protestant opposition to the teachings of the so-called German Christians , who sought to reinterpret Christianity as an Aryan religion free from all Jewish influences. The German Christians were subtly supported by the Nazi government so that opposition to them could be understood as opposition to the government.

The synod was of decisive importance in the development of the German Confessing Church Bekennende Kirche. Representatives came from established Lutheran, Reformed, and United churches, although some of the church governments had already been captured by German Christians, and others had decided to limit their activities to passive resistance.

Various lay leaders and groups also rallied to the cause. At Barmen the representatives adopted six articles, called the Theological Declaration of Barmen, or the Barmen Declaration , that defined the Christian opposition to any interpretation of Christianity based on racial theories.

The major theological influence was that of Karl Barth. The declaration was cast in the classical form of the great confessions of faith, affirming major biblical teachings and condemning those who were attempting to accommodate Christianity to National Socialism. It is treated as a confession by some denominations. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.

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Synod of Barmen

In the view of the delegates to the Synod that met in the city of Wuppertal - Barmen in May, , the German Christians had corrupted church government by making it subservient to the state and had introduced Nazi ideology into the German Protestant churches that contradicted the Christian gospel. Any other possible sources earthly powers, for example will not be accepted. Jesus Christ is the only Lord of all aspects of personal life. There should be no other authority. The message and order of the church should not be influenced by the current political convictions. There is no hierarchy in the church Mt 20, 25f.

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The Barmen Declaration

Barmen Declaration Barmen Declaration In view of the errors of the "German Christians" and of the present Reich Church Administration, which are ravaging the Church and at the same time also shattering the unity of the German Evangelical Church, we confess the following evangelical truths: 1. I am the gate. Whoever enters by me will be saved. Through him there comes to us joyful liberation from the godless ties of this world for free, grateful service to his creatures. We reject the false doctrine that there could be areas of our life in which we would not belong to Jesus Christ but to other lords, areas in which we would not need justification and sanctification through him. With both its faith and its obedience, with both its message and its order, it has to testify in the midst of the sinful world, as the Church of pardoned sinners, that it belongs to him alone and lives and may live by his comfort and under his direction alone, in expectation of his appearing. We reject the false doctrine that the Church could have permission to hand over the form of its message and of its order to whatever it itself might wish or to the vicissitudes of the prevailing ideological and political convictions of the day.

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Barmen Declaration

See Article History Synod of Barmen, meeting of German Protestant leaders at Barmen in the Ruhr, in May , to organize Protestant opposition to the teachings of the so-called German Christians , who sought to reinterpret Christianity as an Aryan religion free from all Jewish influences. The German Christians were subtly supported by the Nazi government so that opposition to them could be understood as opposition to the government. The synod was of decisive importance in the development of the German Confessing Church Bekennende Kirche. Representatives came from established Lutheran, Reformed, and United churches, although some of the church governments had already been captured by German Christians, and others had decided to limit their activities to passive resistance. Various lay leaders and groups also rallied to the cause. At Barmen the representatives adopted six articles, called the Theological Declaration of Barmen, or the Barmen Declaration , that defined the Christian opposition to any interpretation of Christianity based on racial theories. The major theological influence was that of Karl Barth.

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